Flutter is an open-source UI software development toolkit created by Google for building natively compiled applications for mobile, web, and desktop from a single codebase. Flutter uses the Dart programming language, which is a statically typed language developed by Google, as its primary programming language.
Dart Code: You write your Flutter web application using Dart, the programming language that Flutter is primarily built with. Dart is a language developed by Google, which can be used both for client-side (web) and server-side (back-end) development.
Runtime Environment: The Flutter framework provides a runtime environment within the web browser. This runtime includes a rendering engine that can create a native-like user interface in the browser, similar to how Flutter works on native platforms.
Web-Specific Components: Flutter for the web also includes web-specific implementations of certain components and widgets to ensure that your app looks and behaves appropriately in a web browser.
When you develop applications with Flutter, you write your code in Dart, and Flutter's framework compiles it to native machine code for the target platform. This approach allows Flutter apps to have high performance and a native look and feel on each platform it supports, whether it's Android, iOS, the web, or desktop operating systems.
1. Purpose and Origins:
2. Type System:
- Dart: Dart is statically typed, allowing developers to specify the types of variables at compile-time. This can catch many errors before runtime and lead to more maintainable code.
3. Language Features:
- Dart: Dart uses a class-based inheritance model, which is more familiar to developers coming from languages like Java or C#. It offers strong support for both object-oriented and functional programming.
4. Concurrency and Asynchrony:
- Dart: Dart has built-in support for asynchronous programming using `async` and `await`, making it easier to manage asynchronous code. It offers more elegant solutions for handling concurrency.
5. Tooling and Ecosystem:
7. Community and Adoption: